The contemporary capital city of the North Central Province, Anuradhapura is also one of the ancient kingdoms of Sri Lanka that still reflects the glory of an advanced historic civilization. However, there are many disturbing stories of atrocities associated with Anuradhapura during the three decades-long war. In the context of the ethnic conflict, Anuradhapura became distinguishable as a city bordering the war zone containing a Sinhala Buddhist majority. They experienced the bitterness of the conflict mainly since the 1985 Anuradhapura Massacre. Not only the Sinhalese but all the other ethnic groups living in the multicultural district of Anuradhapura,

the Moors, the Tamils and others, still carry the deep wounds of war in their hearts and minds.

At present, Anuradhapura has a high poverty Index with a high prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Sri Lankan media warn the public every day about the spread of drugs, and Anuradhapura hasn’t been spared any of their consequences. Nochchiyagama, the location of the YLL activities in Anuradhapura district is a Divisional Secretariat with a population of approx- imately 59,000, containing a considerable percentage of people living below the poverty line.