Puttalam is the largest town in Puttalam District, North Western Province, Sri Lanka in which the Islam community (86.02%) is majority. Also, the other communities Buddhist (12.27%) Christian (7.60%) and Hindu (1.27%) resides in Puttalam. Over 60,000 Muslim persons drove out from their native districts of Jaffna, Kilinochchi, Mullaitivu, Mannar and Vavuniya in northern Sri Lanka in 1990 during the civil war period have been living in a state of protracted displacement for the past 20 years in the Puttalam district. Due the history of displacement and it resulted economical and social as well as human level issues are there among the population.

In the post war period when the people in Puttalam begun the process to go back to their hometowns and villages the anti-Islam trend in sri Lanka and it provoked localized violence affected greatly the Puttalam too. The political, economic and social space were restricted and the struggle in the community continues due to that.